ISO 27701 is an extension of ISO 27001, which is a standard for information security management systems (ISMS). ISO 27701 provides specific guidelines for implementing and managing privacy information management systems (PIMS) within an organization. It is focused on data protection and privacy within the context of an ISMS. The standard provides guidelines for implementing privacy controls, conducting privacy impact assessments, and managing data breaches.
ISO 27701 includes provisions for:
- Privacy controls: The standard provides guidelines for selecting, implementing, and maintaining privacy controls that are appropriate for an organization’s specific needs. These controls include technical, organizational, and administrative measures.
- Privacy impact assessments: The standard provides guidelines for conducting privacy impact assessments (PIAs) to identify and mitigate potential privacy risks associated with specific projects or processes.
- Data breaches: The standard provides guidelines for managing and reporting data breaches, including incident response planning, incident management, and communication with affected individuals and regulators.
- Compliance management: The standard provides guidelines for managing compliance with relevant laws and regulations related to data protection and privacy.
- Continuous improvement: The standard provides guidelines for monitoring and continually improving the organization’s PIMS (privacy information management system) based on the results of privacy impact assessments, incident management, and compliance management activities.
- Third-party management: The standard provides guidelines for managing relationships with third-party service providers that process personal data on behalf of the organization.
- Information governance: The standard provides guidelines for establishing an information governance framework to manage personal data throughout its lifecycle, including collection, processing, retention, and disposal.
ISO 27701 is designed to be used in conjunction with other standards and regulations, such as GDPR and ISO 27001, to provide a comprehensive framework for protecting personal data and managing privacy risks within an organization.
ISO 27701 Privacy Controls
ISO 27701 provides guidelines for selecting and implementing privacy controls within an organization. These controls are designed to protect personal data and manage privacy risks.
However, some examples of privacy controls that could be implemented in an organization as per ISO 27701 are:
- Access controls: Restricting access to personal data to only those individuals who need it to perform their job duties.
- Authentication and authorization: Verifying the identity of individuals accessing personal data and ensuring they have the appropriate level of authorization.
- Data encryption: Encrypting personal data to protect it from unauthorized access or disclosure.
- Data minimization: Collecting only the personal data that is necessary for a specific purpose and deleting or destroying it when it is no longer needed.
- Data retention and disposal: Establishing policies and procedures for retaining personal data for only as long as necessary and securely disposing of it when it is no longer needed.
- Incident management: Having a plan in place to respond to and manage data breaches.
- Logging and monitoring: Keeping records of access to personal data and monitoring for suspicious activity.
- Privacy by design and by default: Incorporating privacy considerations into the design of systems and processes and ensuring that privacy-enhancing controls are enabled by default.
- Risk management: Identifying, assessing, and managing privacy risks associated with specific projects or processes.
- Third-party management: Managing relationships with third-party service providers that process personal data on behalf of the organization.
These are just examples and the actual list of privacy controls will depend on the specific needs and risk profile of the organization, but the standard provides a framework for selecting and implementing controls that are appropriate for an organization’s specific needs.
GDPR, on the other hand, is a regulation issued by the European Union (EU) that applies to any organization that processes personal data of EU citizens, regardless of where the organization is located. GDPR sets out specific requirements for protecting personal data, including the need to obtain consent for processing personal data, providing individuals with certain rights in relation to their personal data, and implementing appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect personal data. GDPR also has specific requirements for reporting data breaches and notifying individuals whose personal data has been compromised.