The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) are both laws that govern the handling of personal data, but there are some key differences between the two.

One of the main differences is the scope of the laws. GDPR applies to any organization operating within the European Union (EU), regardless of where the data processing takes place, while CCPA only applies to organizations that do business in California and meet certain criteria, such as having annual gross revenues over $25 million, or buying, selling, or sharing personal information of 50,000 or more California residents.

Another difference is the definition of personal data. GDPR defines personal data as any information that can be used to identify a natural person, while CCPA defines it as any information that can be linked to a specific individual or household.

Both laws give individuals certain rights regarding their personal data, such as the right to access and request deletion of their personal data, but there are differences in the specifics of these rights. For example, under GDPR, individuals have the right to have their personal data erased, also known as the “right to be forgotten,” while CCPA only provides a right to request deletion of personal data.

Additionally, GDPR requires organizations to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) if they process certain types of data on a large scale, or if their core activities involve regular and systematic monitoring of individuals. CCPA does not have this requirement.

Another key difference is the fines for non-compliance. GDPR fines can be up to 4% of an organization’s global annual revenue or €20 million (whichever is greater), while CCPA fines can be up to $7,500 per violation.

Both GDPR and CCPA are similar in that they both aim to give individuals more control over their personal data and hold organizations accountable for protecting personal data. However, they have some key differences in terms of scope, rights, and fines.