Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), identifying and defining data subject categories is required to ensure that organizations are aware of the types of individuals whose personal data they are collecting, processing, and storing. This helps organizations to understand the potential risks and liabilities associated with different types of personal data, and to implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect it.
For example, identifying data subject categories allows organizations to:
- Assess the level of risk associated with different types of personal data and implement appropriate security measures to protect it
- Comply with specific requirements under GDPR for certain categories of data subjects, such as obtaining explicit consent for the processing of sensitive personal data
- Tailor their data protection policies and procedures to the specific needs of different data subject categories
- Provide special protection for vulnerable data subjects such as children and individuals with disabilities
Furthermore, GDPR requires organizations to conduct Data Protection Impact Assessments (DPIAs), when they are planning to undertake a processing operation that is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals. Identifying and defining data subject categories is very important when carrying out a DPIA as it helps organizations to identify the potential risks and take the necessary measures to mitigate them.
In summary, Identifying and defining data subject categories is an important aspect of GDPR compliance, as it allows organizations to understand the specific needs and risks associated with different types of personal data, and to implement appropriate measures to protect it. It also helps organizations to comply with specific requirements under GDPR for certain categories of data subjects.